History of the Early Church (undergraduate)
9 Credit Points
Type of Unit
Prerequisites, corequisites or exclusions
Dr. Samuel Fanous BCommerce/Laws (USYD), MBBS (Notre Dame), MTh (UON),
This course unit is designed to provide students with an overview of the early centuries of Christian history. It will furthermore equip them with the critical tools necessary in order to understand historical phenomena and circumstances related to the early Church.
At the end of this unit students will be able to:
1) demonstrate knowledge of significant events in the early Church in light of their social, cultural and religious context
2) account for contributions of leading figures in the early Church.
3) illustrate the capacity to interpret primary sources from this historical period.
4) exhibit the capacity to utilise the secondary sources relating to this period.
demonstrate the importance to the Church’s present mission of key events and personalities in the early Church from the available literary sources
1. Studying the early Church in context; methodology and historiography
2. Religious, cultural and social backgrounds of the early Church
3. The relationship between the early Church and the Roman state; Jewish, pagan and Christian perceptions
4. Persecution and the phenomenon of martyrdom
5. Internal tensions within the early Church; orthodoxy and heresy
6. Aspects of an emerging Christian worldview
7. The ‘ triumph’ of the Church: Constantine, Fathers, councils
8. The Church in a declining Empire
Unit Weekly Schedule
|Week 1||Introduction to course unit; Early Church History sources; historicity and methodological approaches.|
|Week 2||The early Christian community; worship, life and organisation.|
|Week 3||The Jewish context; Paul and the break with historical Judaism|
|Week 4||The persecuted Church; the era of martyrdom, their literature and influence on Church life.|
|Week 5||The School of Alexandria; theology, philosophy and the interpretation of Scripture|
|Week 6||Defending the Church; Apologists and their opponents; Justin Martyr, Irenaeus and Tertullian|
|Week 7||Boundaries Defined; the challenge of dynamic orthodoxy; Gnosticism, Marcionism, Manicheism and Montanism|
|Week 8||The Rise of Christianity; Constantine and the Imperial Church|
|Week 9||Retreating to the Desert; The Origins of Monastacism and Monastic Literature|
|Week 10||New Theological Challenges; St Athanasias and the Arian heresy|
|Week 11||The Christological Controversy; St Cyril, Nestorius and a divided Church|
|Week 12||The Western Church: Ambrose, Augustine and the beginnings of Medieval Christianity|